Espresso, Macchiato, Cappuccino and Latte... "what are these foreign words?"... you ask your tea-drinking self?
Have no fear, Urnex is here!
Legend states that a goat herder in Ethiopia named Kaldi first discovered the mysterious coffee berries after his goats accidentally ate them and experienced an extra jolt of energy throughout the day and night. Kaldi then made a drink with the berries that kept him more alert throughout the long hours of the day. Thus the first cup of coffee was born.
Ordering a cup of coffee used to be as simple as: “may I please have a cup of [decaf or regular] coffee?” Now coffee drinkers are faced with numerous decisions including which type of coffee beans, which country they're from, cold brew or iced, steamed or frothed milk, etc. Tea drinkers make similar decisions between different types of teas to order: green, oolong, white, black, chai, etc. All tea comes from the same tea leaf (Camellia sinensis) and each type of tea gets their unique characteristics by the way the leaves are processed after harvesting. This is similar to the way coffee cherries are picked from their trees, and how the beans (which are actually the seeds inside of the cherries) are roasted.
It’s safe to say coffee has grown in popularity over the past few years. Any tea-drinker looking to make the switch has access to all kinds of delicious options. This is good news for you, soon-to-be coffee drinker!
Espresso is not a type of coffee. It is a type of brewing method, and is coffee in its purest form. Espresso does not mean that your coffee is dark or bitter. It simply refers to the preparation of the coffee. Tightly packed, finely ground coffee is packed into the clean portafilter of an espresso machine. Then perfectly heated water is forced through the grounds as small, concentrated espresso pours out (taking no more than 30 seconds).
Pro Tip: Always make sure you've cleaned and descaled your espresso machine. Unsure of the difference? Read our recent blog to learn more.
A cappuccino is one of the most popular coffee drinks around. It starts with a shot of espresso (1.5 oz.) pulled from a clean machine. Add steamed milk and a thin layer of foamed milk on top. Traditionally, a cappuccino cup is ceramic and holds 5 liquid ounces.
Pro Tip: Be sure you have the proper components to make the best tasting coffee. This includes a clean machine and grinder, great beans, and milk of your choice. You can find more in depth detail here.
A latte has a much higher milk to coffee ratio. The name of the product actually means “milk drink”. With almost 5x more steamed milk than coffee this drink can be served hot - or even over ice for a delicious summer treat!
Pro tip: Make sure you are grinding your beans from a clean grinder so you're not mixing different flavored beans. You can find our patented gluten free and organic Grindz cleaner here.
A macchiato means “marked” in Italian, a perfect description for this enticing coffee drink. It consists of one or two shots of espresso topped with a dollop of steamed milk that “marks” the espresso. Sometimes, the steamed milk comes first and the espresso is the “mark”.
Pro Tip: We recommend using Cafiza to backflush your espresso machine. Skip this part and old coffee oils will eventually turn rancid and impart an unpleasant flavor in your next (say it with me) macchiato.
Now the list can go on and on as there are many ways to create the perfect cup of coffee to satisfy your taste buds. For the tea-drinker turned coffee-drinker, there are countless delicious options to discover. We hope this guide to coffee drinks has explained a few of them. For some extraordinarily creative "Pro Tips", just ask our Urnex Ambassadors; they have concocted signature drinks at the World Barista Championship that in addition to coffee, also include a wide range of unexpected ingredients, including lavender, cucumbers, and peanut butter. The possibilities are endless!
Go enjoy this new world, you brand new coffee-drinker... the world is your coffee bean.